LS Audio/Video Authentication Server Error 19008 – Private Key not found

After happily running for several years, one of the Skype for Business edge servers for one implementation decided it was not going to start its Audio/Video Authentication and Audio/Video Edge service!

Looking at the event viewer, the following two Event IDs were raised: 19008 and 19005. Specifically: 19008: Private key for server certificate not found by the LS A/V Authentication service or the service does not have sufficient permissions to access the certificate.

After verifying the private key permissions are set correctly (NETWORK SERVICE: Read, etc) in the Certificate MMC snap-in, I checked to see what the certs looked like in PowerShell

PS Cert:\LocalMachine\My\> dir .\ 5E670E493E5EBAACC5B26E219ACA8A629F9485D4 | fl 

HasPrivateKey  : True
PrivateKey     :
PublicKey      : System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.PublicKey

Notice that there is no PrivateKey provider defined here, which means the cert broke somehow! Strange, as in this environment there were two Skype for Business edge servers, one worked perfectly, the other did not.

Anyways, the fix was to tear the certs apart, and put them back together as shown in this Merge certificate public and private key with OpenSSL TechNet article.

Specifically

    1. I got the OpenSSL binaries from: https://indy.fulgan.com/SSL
    2. I extracted the keys using the following commands:
      openssl pkcs12 -in egdev1.pfx -nocerts -out private_key.pem -nodes
      openssl pkcs12 -in egdev1.pfx -nokeys -out public_key.crt
    3. I merged the keys back together using the following command:
      openssl pkcs12 -export -in public_key.crt -inkey private_key.pem -out lync_edge_merged.pfx

After certificate import, and applying it to the services, I checked to see what the certs looked like in PowerShell

PS Cert:\LocalMachine\My\> dir .\ 5E670E493E5EBAACC5B26E219ACA8A629F9485D4 | fl 

HasPrivateKey  : True
PrivateKey     : System.Security.Cryptography.RSACryptoServiceProvider
PublicKey      : System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.PublicKey

Notice that there is now a PrivateKey provider defined here, and the two Audio/Video Authentication and Audio/Video Edge services started up just perfectly!

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Skype for Business presentation size limits.

I recently had an implementation where very large PowerPoint presentations was needed. When those pptx files were pre-uploaded to the meeting, the following dreaded “allowable file size exceeded” message occurred:

Exceeds File size SfB

It got me interested in finding out what the allowable file sizes are for Skype, and after scouring documentation, I discovered the following:

As of September 2017:

  • With Office Web Apps 2013, the max file size is 150Mb
  • With Office Online Server, the max file size is 300Mb

The explicit limits, where applicable, are listed in the table below. However, note that there is a 60-second file download time out that applies to all GetFile operations, and this time out can affect the perceived file size limit. In practice, this time out is rarely hit, since connectivity and bandwidth is typically very good between Office Online and host datacenters. However, hosts should be aware of this limit.

File size limits
Application Mode Limit Notes
Excel Online View 5MB
Excel Online Edit 5MB
PowerPoint Online View See notes No limit, but subject to the 60 second time out for file downloads as described above.
PowerPoint Online Edit 300MB While the upper limit is 300MB, this is still subject to the overall 60 second time out for file downloads so it is possible that smaller files will hit that timeout.
Word Online View See notes No limit, but subject to the 60 second time out for file downloads as described above.
Word Online Edit See notes The technical limit is 100,000,000 (100 million) characters in the document XML; however, this does not correlate with file size in a meaningful way. For example, a 1000-page document, hundreds of MB in size does not hit this limit. For the vast majority of use-cases, this limit is irrelevant.

The process to configure these max sizes is fairly simple, and is configured in the “Settings_Service.ini” configuration file. The default location for that file is:

C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office Web Apps\PPTConversionService

At the bottom of the file, just add the following entries:

For Office Web Apps 2013, add:

PowerPointEditServerMaxFileSizeBytes=(System.UInt64)153600000
PowerPointServerMediaEmbeddedMaxSize=(System.UInt64)153600000

For Office Online Server, add:

PowerPointEditServerMaxFileSizeBytes=(System.UInt64)307200000
PowerPointServerMediaEmbeddedMaxSize=(System.UInt64)307200000

Once the changes are saved, restart the server service. You may do so in PowerShell with the following command:

Restart-service WACSM

Please note, these max sizes are for the entire meeting, not per attachment, therefore, if your meeting has much larger files, you will have to split them, upload one, go through it, remove it, upload the next. – You can upload several files at a time, but they cannot collectively be larger than the total MB size limits.